Treatment for pink eye – Infection, Symptoms, Treatment and Medication

Treatment for pink eye

Treatment for pink eye

What is a Pink Eye Infection?

Pink Eye, or conjunctivitis, is redness and inflammation of the membranes (conjunctiva) covering the whites of the eyes and the membranes on the inner part of the eyelids. These membranes react to a wide range of bacteria, viruses, allergy-provoking agents, irritants, and toxic agents, as well as to underlying diseases within the body. Viral and bacterial forms of conjunctivitis are common in childhood, but they can occur in people of any age. Overall, however, there are many causes of Pink Eye. These can be classified as either infectious or noninfectious. Pink Eye does not cause any changes in vision.

Pink Eye Symptoms

The unique forms of Pink Eye have comparable indications but each case can have varying degrees of particular symptoms. Some of these symptoms are existent in the different types of Pink Eye. The obviously noticeable sign is the pink to reddish color covering the eyes which is again due to inflammation of the conjunctiva. Irritation and itchiness are two other symptoms that are often characteristic of conjunctivitis. Tearing is another prevalent symptom as the eyes develop increased tears in order to aid in relief. Some differences among the types of Pink Eye include discharge that maybe frequent in both viral and bacterial conjunctivitis. This discharge maybe yellow or green and can cause the eyelids to stick together or can flow down the sides of the eyes.

Pink Eye Treatment and Medication

Pink Eye medication can be a mix of prescribed and over the counter medicines. For bacterial infections, a doctor must prescribe Pink Eye antibiotic to attack the bacteria. This medication can be delivered in varieties like eye drops or ointments that are applied to the eyes for a few days. Pink Eye caused by allergies can be solved with allergy eye drops like Patanol. Patanol is one solution that has been proven to be effective in preventing Pink Eye caused by allergies with just 2 drops a day. It is safe according to the manufacturer for kids over the age of three. Other medication with antihistamines maybe recommended by a physician which can include anything from liquid to pill state. Another Pink Eye medication is Similasan Allergy Eye Relief eye drops. These OTC medications may not be as impressive but provide some relief. Similasan also has a Pink Eye relief eye drops for viral conjunctivitis. Other eye drop companies also manufacture similar eye drops that alleviate Viral Pink Eye. These over the counter medications are all that is required for most cases of viral Pink Eye as the virus just needs to run its course and Pink Eye medication is used just for soothing symptoms. For relieving discharge, warm compresses are great for removing the sticky residue as well as the crusty, dried portions around the eyes. For persistent problems it is best to consult your eye care professional.

Conjunctivitis is usually contagious and although a cause may not be determined, it is recommended that persons wash their hands frequently and practice optimum hygiene to prevent spreading it to others. A medical professional can help determine the appropriate treatment.

Allergic

For the allergic type, cool water poured over the face with the head inclined downward constricts capillaries, and artificial tears sometimes relieve discomfort in mild cases. In more severe cases, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications and antihistamines may be prescribed. Some patients with persistent allergic conjunctivitis may also require topical steroid drops.

Bacterial

Bacterial conjunctivitis often eventually resolves without treatment but intervention with antibiotic eye drops or ointments (such as chloramphenicol or fusidic acid) does however speed recovery. Gentamicin and Vigamox, (moxifloxacin) are commonly used in the U.S Evidence suggests there is a modest reduction in duration from an average of 4.625 days (untreated controls) to 3.3 days for those given immediate ophthalmic antibiotic solutions. Deferring antibiotics yields almost the same duration as those immediately starting treatment with 3.9 days duration, but with half the two-week clinic reattendance rate.[clarification needed] [5]

Viral

Although there is no specific treatment for viral conjunctivitis, symptomatic relief may be achieved with warm compresses and artificial tears. For the worst cases, topical corticosteroid drops may be prescribed to reduce the discomfort from inflammation. However prolonged usage of corticosteroid drops increases the risk of side effects. Antibiotic drops may also be used for treatment of complementary infections. Patients are often advised to avoid touching their eyes or sharing towels and washcloths. Viral conjunctivitis usually resolves within 3 weeks. However, in worse cases it may take over a month. In past times breast milk was often used to relieve the symptoms of conjunctivitis.

Chemical

Conjunctivitis due to burns, toxic and chemical require careful wash-out with saline, especially beneath the lids, and may require topical steroids. The more acute chemical injuries are medical emergencies, particularly alkali burns, which can lead to severe scarring, and intraocular damage. Fortunately, such injuries are uncommon.

Pinkeye – Home Treatment

Cold compresses or warm compresses (whichever feels best) can be used. If an allergy is the problem, a cool compress may feel better. If the Pinkeye is caused by an infection, a warm, moist compress may soothe your eye and help reduce redness and swelling. Warm, moist compresses can spread infection from one eye to the other. Use a different compress for each eye, and use a clean compress for each application.