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Indonesia tsunami survivors hold vigil at Christmas mass

Indonesia tsunami survivors hold vigil at Christmas massInstead of holding festivities and exchanging presents, Pastor Rusman Anita Sitorus led a tearful vigil at a mass in her small church. “We were planning on holding a Christmas celebration every year, but this year is different due to the tsunami,” Sitorus said, as churchgoers lit candles and cried while praying. The occurrence of the disaster during the Christmas season evoked memories of the Indian Ocean tsunami triggered by an earthquake on Dec. 26, 2004, which killed 226,000 people in 14 countries, including more than 120,000 in Indonesia.



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Death toll from Indonesia tsunami rises to 281: disaster agency

Death toll from Indonesia tsunami rises to 281: disaster agencyThe death toll from a volcano-triggered tsunami in Indonesia has risen to 281, with more than 1,000 people injured, the national disaster agency said Monday, as the desperate search for survivors ramped up. “The number of victims and damage will continue to rise,” said agency spokesman Sutopo Purwo Nugroho. According to Indonesia’s geological agency, Anak Krakatoa had been showing signs of heightened activity for days, spewing plumes of ash thousands of metres into the air.



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A Tsunami Has Killed Hundreds in Indonesia. Here's What to Know About the Latest Deadly Natural Disaster to Hit the Country

A Tsunami Has Killed Hundreds in Indonesia. Here's What to Know About the Latest Deadly Natural Disaster to Hit the Country"We just don't know how unstable the volcano is," says one expert



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Explaining the deadly volcanic tsunami that hit Indonesia

Explaining the deadly volcanic tsunami that hit IndonesiaHundreds are dead, with more missing, following a tsunami that took the Indonesian coast by surprise on Dec. 22.  But this was no typical tsunami. Rather, it was a volcanic tsunami, and understanding what that means may help explain why this particular manifestation of nature's power was so devastating.  The tsunami that struck between the Sumatra and Java islands was triggered not by an earthquake — as is typically the case with tsunamis — but instead by an active volcano in the area known as Anak Krakatau. The volcano reportedly partially collapsed, triggering a landslide underwater, which then in turn kicked off the tsunami, said Dwikorita Karnawati, who leads Indonesia's meteorological agency, according to multiple news reports. The sequence of events didn't trigger a tsunami alert, catching the country by surprise.  "[It] did not rise to the level of triggering [a tsunami] alert," University of Southern California's Tsunami Research Center director Costas Synolakis told NBC News. "So from that point of view, the Tsunami Warning Centers were essentially useless." SEE ALSO: Radioactive boars have taken over towns abandoned after Fukushima The 305-meter volcano responsible for the landslide, reports Al Jazeera, rose from the sea starting in the 1920s at the site of a deadly 1883 eruption that left over 30,000 dead.  It was only a few months ago in late September that another tsunami struck the Indonesia coast. That tsunami followed a magnitude 7.5 earthquake, and resulted in 6-foot waves.  As for Saturday's tragedy, Northwestern University earth science professor Emile Okal told NBC News that volcanoes are constantly in motion and that landslides are one essentially unavoidable outcome of that fact.  "A volcano is something that is a living thing," explained Okal. "Eventually it's going to have a landslide, and if it’s underwater, going to displace water and make a wave." Tragically, for those on the Indonesia coast affected by Saturday's tsunami, this fact reverberates both into the past and the future. Officials warn that more volcanic tsunamis may be coming, with CNN reporting that Anak Krakatau is still erupting and could experience more landslides.  But for now, rescue workers are focused on today, and that means finding those people still missing following the uniquely dangerous volcanic tsunami.  WATCH: Transform your tub into an emergency water storage



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Indonesia's tsunami on Saturday, which killed at least 373 people, never triggered the alert system

Indonesia's tsunami on Saturday, which killed at least 373 people, never triggered the alert systemA devastating tsunami took Indonesians by surprise because an early warning system hasn't worked since 2012.



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Indonesia hunts for survivors as volcano tsunami toll nears 400

Indonesia hunts for survivors as volcano tsunami toll nears 400Thick clouds of ash spewed from Anak Krakatau, a volcanic island where a crater collapse at high tide late on Saturday set off waves that smashed into coastal areas on both sides of the Sunda Strait between the islands of Sumatra and Java. Earthquakes flattened parts of the island of Lombok in July and August, and a double quake-and-tsunami killed more than 2,000 people on a remote part of Sulawesi island in September. “At least 373 people have died, while 128 people are currently missing,” Sutopo Purwo Nugroho, a spokesman for the disaster mitigation agency, said on Monday evening.



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Indonesia hunts for survivors as volcano tsunami toll nears 400

Indonesia hunts for survivors as volcano tsunami toll nears 400Thick clouds of ash spewed from Anak Krakatau, a volcanic island where a crater collapse at high tide late on Saturday set off waves that smashed into coastal areas on both sides of the Sunda Strait between the islands of Sumatra and Java. Earthquakes flattened parts of the island of Lombok in July and August, and a double quake-and-tsunami killed more than 2,000 people on a remote part of Sulawesi island in September. “At least 373 people have died, while 128 people are currently missing,” Sutopo Purwo Nugroho, a spokesman for the disaster mitigation agency, said on Monday evening.



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Indonesia tsunami: At least 222 dead and 843 injured after Anak Krakatau volcano erupts 

Indonesia tsunami: At least 222 dead and 843 injured after Anak Krakatau volcano erupts More than 200 people have died and 843 injured after a tsunami of up to ten feet high struck the Southeast Asian nation of Indonesia on Saturday night at the end of a year of multiple and devastating natural disasters.  The tsunami’s waves struck beaches along the Sunda Strait without warning at about 9.30pm local time on Saturday, collapsing homes and hotels, crushing vehicles and ships, toppling electricity poles and sweeping victims out to sea.  Tragically it hit several popular tourist destinations during peak holiday season, catching many holidaymakers off guard as no tsunami alarms had been triggered and there had been no earthquake to warn that a wave may be on the way.  The authorities have now warned that the coastline should be avoided over the next few days due to fears that it could happen again.  Officials say the tsunami, which occurred between the islands of Java and Sumatra, in the strait linking the Indian Ocean and Java Sea, may have been caused by undersea landslides after the Anak Krakatau volcano erupted 24 minutes earlier.   Krakatoa eruption – map The catastrophe may have been worsened by an abnormal tidal surge due to a full moon, Sutopo Purwo Nugroho, the natural disaster agency spokesman said. Throughout the day Mr Nugroho posted images of coastal communities reduced to piles of wreckage by the power of the fast-moving water.  Aid agencies were quick to deploy to the area, located just a few hours drive from the Indonesian capital, Jakarta. The roads were challenging but passable, Aulia Arriani, a spokesperson for the Indonesian Red Cross told the Telegraph.  “We are still waiting for the casualty numbers but the last one we had was 222. I’m afraid the death toll will rise as we have information of some 30 or more people who are still missing and there is still a lot of debris and collapsed buildings in the disaster area,” she said.  “Our challenge is to find the missing and to evacuate the people who are still trapped. In the first phase of emergency response we will be evacuating people for the next two to three days.”  Indonesia tsunami after eruption – in pictures Ms Arriani added that local hospitals and clinics had been flooded with casualties and dead bodies. “People in the disaster are need food, drinking water, tarpaulins and medical help,” she said.  Many victims were caught unawares by the tsunami while they enjoyed a holiday weekend in one of the popular local beach resorts. The worst-affected area was the Pandeglang region of Java’s Banten province, which encompasses Ujung Kulon National Park. Dramatic video posted on social media showed the terrifying moment a wall of water struck a beachfront concert being performed in a marquis by the Indonesian pop band “Seventeen” at the Tanjung Lesung resort on the western tip of Java.  Screams of shock can be heard from the audience as the stage suddenly lurches forward, hurling the band and its equipment onto dancing fans. How the tsunami was caused Several band members were confirmed dead on Sunday, and the wife of lead vocalist Riefian Fajarsyah, who should have been celebrating her 26th birthday was still missing, along with many others. Among the tourists on the beach were employees of state utility company PLN and civil servants from the Youth and Sports Ministry.  “We saw hundreds of people who were watching a music event disappear under the wave,” Nono, a tourist from Bekasi, West Java, told the Antara news agency. Nono said that he and his family were in a prayer room when he heard a loud rumble and people outside screaming for help.   Bodies of victims recovered along Carita beach are placed in body bags  Credit: AFP As the family ran outside, they were also struck by the water, catapulting his son Alif, 10, several metres away. They told their tale of survival while being treated for cuts at a community health centre on Sunday.  Another tourist, Oystein Lund Anderson, from Norway, wrote on Facebook of how he and his wife and son had also had a narrow escape.  He described how he was taking photos of the volcano when the tsunami slammed into the shore.  "I had to run, as the wave passed the beach and landed 15-20m inland," he wrote. "Next wave entered the hotel area where I was staying and drowned cars on the road behind it. Managed to evacuate with my family to higher ground trough forest paths and villages, where we are taken care of by the locals. We’re unharmed, thankfully."  & this is the view (+the sound��) from north-side/Sumatera of ��krakatoa-eruptions..�������� (Dec22nd2018; 0522pm) cc @Salicinas7@Astro_Alex ;) pic.twitter.com/5HR7YXEzJ0— Du2nZizouEffenberg (@DudunZizou) December 22, 2018 As local and government aid agencies rushed to the area to help with the search and rescue operation, bringing supplies of food and shelter, international organisations were also preparing to assist.  "An Oxfam assessment team is going out to the Strait today to gather more information about what has happened and what we can do,” said Oxfam Australia’s humanitarian manager, Meg Quartermaine “Oxfam is planning assessments to help to understand the scale of the disaster and to determine what sort of response may be required, if requested.” However, bad weather – with rain forecast over the next few days – and the fear of further deadly water surges may hamper the aid efforts. Cars are covered by debris at an area ravaged by a tsunami in Carita, Indonesia Credit: AP Indonesia, home to 260 million people, has had a particularly tough year even for a disaster-prone country. The vast archipelago of more than 17,000 islands lies along the “Ring of Fire,” an arc of volcanoes and fault lines in the Pacific Basin.  More than 100 people died when an earthquake flattened the tourist island of Lombok near Bali in August, and in September, more than 2,500 people were killed by an earthquake and tsunami that hit the city of Palu on the island of Sulawesi, east of Borneo. The latest tragedy appears to have been sparked by the Anak Krakatau volcano, some 124 miles southwest of Jakarta, which has been erupting since June.  Known as the “Child of Krakatoa”, the volcanic island was formed after one of the largest, most devastating eruptions in recorded history, when Krakatoa blew in 1883, killing more than 30,000 people, plunging the region into darkness and causing a global temperature drop.     



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Death toll from devastating Indonesian tsunami rises to 280

Death toll from devastating Indonesian tsunami rises to 280The death toll from a tsunami that hit the Indonesian islands of Java and Sumatra after a volcano erupted rose to at least 280 on Monday, officials said.



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Another tsunami could hit Indonesia, experts warn

Another tsunami could hit Indonesia, experts warnAnother tsunami could strike Indonesia, experts warned on Sunday, a day after more than 200 people were killed by a wave triggered by a volcanic eruption. – What caused the tsunami? The tsunami “appears to have been caused by an underwater collapse” of part of the Anak (or “child of”) Krakatoa volcano, said David Rothery of The Open University in Britain.



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