Tag Archives: Study

Transgender members in U.S. military may serve until study completed: Mattis

Transgender members in U.S. military may serve until study completed: MattisU.S. Defense Secretary Jim Mattis said on Tuesday current policy regarding transgender personnel serving in the military would remain in place until he advises President Donald Trump on how to implement his directive on a transgender ban. Mattis said in a statement he would set up a panel of experts serving in the Departments of Defense and Homeland Security to provide recommendations on implementing the ban. A White House official who briefed reporters about the memo on Friday declined to specify whether transgender men and women who are currently active in the military could continue to serve based on such criteria.



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Exxon Mobil 'Misled' Public On Climate Change For 40 Years, Harvard Study Finds

Exxon Mobil 'Misled' Public On Climate Change For 40 Years, Harvard Study FindsYes, #ExxonKnew — and the oil giant deliberately deceived the public about the dangers of climate change for four decades.



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New Study Says Cleaning Your Kitchen Sponge Isn't Effective

New Study Says Cleaning Your Kitchen Sponge Isn't EffectiveIf we’ve learned anything about kitchen sponges, it’s that they’re usually packed full of mold and bacteria.



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Racism levels in US communities predict how many black people police will kill there, study shows

Racism levels in US communities predict how many black people police will kill there, study showsThe racial biases of white members of a community have a direct link to the number of black people shot and killed by police officers in that same area, new research indicates. A study published last year found that African Americans are almost three times more likely than white people to be killed by the police’s use of force. “We expected many economic or demographic variables such as the overall wealth of an area, residential segregation, average levels of education in the area, or overall crime levels, to be involved,” said the report’s lead author, Eric Hehman.



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Lifestyle Changes Could Cut Dementia Cases, New Study Says

Lifestyle Changes Could Cut Dementia Cases, New Study SaysMore than a third of dementia cases could be prevented with lifestyle changes such as controlling high blood pressure and getting more exercise, according to a major report published Thursday in …



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U.S. parents spending less on college tuition, study finds

U.S. parents spending less on college tuition, study findsDespite a record-high U.S. stock market and a positive economic outlook, U.S. parents spent less on college tuition during the 2016-17 school year, according to Sallie Mae’s 10th annual “How America Pays for College” report. Sallie Mae’s study does not directly address why parental spending fell, but there are several indicators. The typical family that emerges from Sallie Mae’s study is not big on planning: While 9 out of 10 expect their kids to go to college, only 4 out of 10 budget for it.



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Brain scanning could improve dementia diagnosis for two thirds of patients, study finds

Brain scanning could improve dementia diagnosis for two thirds of patients, study findsRoutine brain scanning could improve dementia diagnosis for two thirds of patients, ending years of misdiagnosis, a study has found.  Currently the only way to determine whether Alzheimer’s is present is to look at the brain of a patient after death. For patients who are still alive, doctors usually use special cognitive tests which monitor memory and everyday skills such as washing and dressing, but the results are often be misleading or inaccurate.  Now new findings presented at the Alzheimer’s Association International Conference in London show that Positron Emission Tomography (PET) scans altered the diagnoses for more than two thirds people. Currently people with early stage Alzheimer’s can wait up to four years to receive a correct diagnosis because PET scans are rarely carried out on the NHS as they cost up to £3,000 a time. But PET scans show the build-up of sticky amyloid plaques in the brain which prevent neurons from communicating and eventually kill areas, wiping out memories and can help with a definitive diagnosis. Thousands of people are misdiagnosed because the NHS does not carry out routine brain scanning for people with suspected dementia  Credit: Paula Solloway/Alamy  Not only do scans pick up problems early, when drugs or lifestyle changes could make a difference, but they could also help reassure people who are suffering mild memory problems that they do not have the disease. Dr David Reynolds, Chief Scientific Officer at Alzheimer’s Research UK said: “Diagnosing dementia is a complex challenge, and doctors have to gather a range of clues to create a picture of what is going on in the brain. “This new research highlights that value that amyloid brain scans can bring in helping doctors make a more informed diagnosis, either by indicating or ruling out Alzheimer’s as the possible cause of someone’s dementia symptoms. “The current drive for life-changing dementia treatments means that in the future, the use of amyloid PET scans or other innovative diagnostic methods will be important to ensure that new medicines reach the right people at the right time.” The difference between dementia and Alzheimers – in 60 seconds 01:06 Positron Emission Tomography (PET) scans work by picking up how good parts of the brain are at sucking up glucose, which is injected into the body bound to a radioactive tracer which can be seen on screen. Parts of the brain that are clogged up and not functioning will not light up.  The new study by the Karolinska Institute in Sweden involving 135 people who had been referred for memory problems found that 68 per cent had a change in diagnosis, following the scans. A separate study led by GE Healthcare in the UK analysed data from four previous studies looking at the use of brain amyloid PET scans in the process of dementia diagnosis, combining information from 1106 people, found the use of brain amyloid PET scans led to a change in diagnosis in 20 per cent of people. “A negative brain PET scan indicating sparse to no amyloid plaques rules out Alzheimer’s disease as the cause of dementia symptoms,” said Dr James Hendrix, Alzheimer’s Association Director of Global Science Initiatives. “This makes it a valuable tool to clarify an uncertain or difficult diagnosis. Misdiagnosis is costly to health systems, and expensive and distressing to persons with dementia and their families.”  



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White House Male Employees Paid More Than Women: Study

White House Male Employees Paid More Than Women: StudyThe annual report to Congress on White House office personnel, released Friday, revealed women earned an average of $ 84, 500 as compared to men who earned $ 105, 000.



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More than half of Americans want stricter gun laws, Pew study finds

More than half of Americans want stricter gun laws, Pew study findsAmong gun owners, the survey found clear differences in firearm usage based on partisan affiliation. More than half of Americans want stricter gun laws, while still preserving the rights of most people in most places to carry most types of guns, a Pew Research Center survey has found. While half of Americans see gun violence as a very big problem in their country, fewer than 10% of American adults said that “almost no one” should be able to legally own a gun, and only 10% said that “almost no types” of guns should be legally available to buy.



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Too hot to handle: Study shows Earth's killer heat worsens

Too hot to handle: Study shows Earth's killer heat worsensWASHINGTON (AP) — Killer heat is getting worse, a new study shows.



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