Tag Archives: Research

Report: DNC And Clinton Campaign Funded Research Behind Trump Russia Dossier

Report: DNC And Clinton Campaign Funded Research Behind Trump Russia DossierThe Hillary Clinton campaign and the Democratic National Committee helped to pay for the research behind a secret dossier on Donald Trump and his alleged ties to Russia during the 2016 presidential election, according to a report from The Washington Post published Tuesday evening.

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Primates on Puerto Rico's 'Monkey Island' research station narrowly survived Maria

Primates on Puerto Rico's 'Monkey Island' research station narrowly survived MariaA rhesus macaque monkey eats on Cayo Santiago, known as Monkey Island, off the eastern coast of Puerto Rico, on July 29, 2008. As Hurricane Maria barreled across the Caribbean last week, one of the first places to get caught in the eye of the storm was Cayo Santiago, a small island off Puerto Rico’s southeastern coast that is populated only by monkeys. The 1,000 free-ranging rhesus macaques that make their homes on Cayo Santiago — also known as Monkey Island — inhabit the world’s oldest wild primate research center.

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Climate change not as threatening to planet as previously thought, new research suggests

Climate change not as threatening to planet as previously thought, new research suggestsClimate change poses less of an immediate threat to the planet than previously thought because scientists got their modelling wrong, a new study has found. New research by British scientists reveals the world is being polluted and warming up less quickly than 10-year-old forecasts predicted, giving countries more time to get a grip on their carbon output. An unexpected “revolution” in affordable renewable energy has also contributed to the more positive outlook. Experts now say there is a two-in-three chance of keeping global temperatures within 1.5 degrees above pre-industrial levels, the ultimate goal of the 2015 Paris Agreement. They also condemned the “overreaction” to the US’s withdrawal from the Paris Climate Accord, announced by Donald Trump in June, saying it is unlikely to make a significant difference. We're in the midst of an energy revolution and it's happening faster than we thoughtProfessor Michael Grubb, University College London According to the models used to draw up the agreement, the world ought now to be 1.3 degrees above the mid-19th-Century average, whereas the most recent observations suggest it is actually between 0.9 to 1 degree above. The discrepancy means nations could continue emitting carbon dioxide at the current rate for another 20 years before the target was breached, instead of the three to five predicted by the previous model. “When you are talking about a budget of 1.5 degrees, then a 0.3 degree difference is a big deal”, said Professor Myles Allen, of Oxford University and one of the authors of the new study. Published in the journal Nature Geoscience, it suggests that if polluting peaks and then declines to below current levels before 2030 and then continue to drop more sharply, there is a 66 per cent chance of global average temperatures staying below 1.5 degrees. The goal was yesterday described as “very ambitious” but “physically possible”. Another reason the climate outlook is less bleak than previously thought is stabilising emissions, particularly in China. A revolution in renewable energy has improved the picture Credit: PA Renewable energy has also enjoyed more use than was predicted. China has now acquired more than 100 gigawatts of solar cells, 25 per cent of which in the last six months, and in the UK, offshore wind has turned out to cost far less than expected. Professor Michael Grubb, from University College London, had previously described the goals agreed at Paris in 2015 as “incompatible with democracy”. But yesterday he said: "We're in the midst of an energy revolution and it's happening faster than we thought, which makes it much more credible for governments to tighten the offer they put on the table at Paris." He added that President Trump’s withdrawal from the agreement would not be significant because “The White House’s position doesn’t have much impact on US emissions". “The smaller constituencies – cities, businesses, states – are just saying they’re getting on with it, partly for carbon reduction, but partly because there’s this energy revolution and they don’t want to be left behind.” At a glance | Paris climate accord The new research was published as the Met Office announced that a “slowdown” in the rate of global temperature rises reported over roughly the first decade of this century was now over. The organisation said the slowdown in rising air temperatures between 1999 and 2014 happened as a result of a natural cycle in the Pacific, which led to the ocean circulation speeding up, causing it to pull heat down in the deeper ocean away from the atmosphere. However, that cycle has now ended. Claire Perry, the climate change and industry minister, claimed Britain had already demonstrated that tackling climate change and running a strong economy could go “hand in hand”. “How is the time to build on our strengths and cement our position as a global hub for investment in clean growth,” she said.

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Trump administration halts research on mountaintop coal mining's health effects

Trump administration halts research on mountaintop coal mining's health effectsDonald Trump’s Department of the Interior has told the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine to stop studying the effects of coal mining on health. A branch of the interior department – the office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement – was funding an inquiry into the potential correlation between increased human health risks and living near surface coal mine sites in Central Appalachia. Coal mining in Central Appalachia, where the committee’s work is focused, includes mountaintop removal in which peaks have been blasted off.

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Sorry, Jurassic Park fans: New research says the T. rex actually couldn't run

Sorry, Jurassic Park fans: New research says the T. rex actually couldn't runIt turns out those Tyrannosaurus Rex chase scenes in
Jurassic Park may not be so realistic after all.  We hate to break it to you but: the famed dinosaur couldn't run, according to new research from Manchester University. In other words, everything you thought you knew about the T. rex chasing down its prey could be wrong.  The study, which used multi-body dynamic analysis and skeletal stress analysis — two bio-mechanical techniques — found that the T. rex's legs wouldn't have been able to handle running. Evidence shows that the T. rex was actually limited to walking, and wouldn't have been able to run due to its body mass. SEE ALSO: T. rex might not have been fluffy, after all Instead of the hyper-fast speeds we see in the movies, the study initially found that the T. rex could travel at a maximum speed of roughly 19 MPH (30 km/H). This was eventually lowered to 12 MPH (20 km/H) once researchers tested skeletal strength, according to the
BBC.  The study, headed by Professor William Sellers at Manchester's School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, claims that the models used for the study "are currently the most anatomically complete reconstructions ever attempted." Sellers told the
BBC that based on the study's "highly realistic computer models," running would have been impossible for the T. rex, because it's skeleton would have been too weak.  "That means that
T. rex was actually quite slow and therefore not a pursuit predator," he said. Another study, separately published by
Nature Ecology & Evolution, seems to back up Manchester's findings, as it concludes that the largest animals generally cannot accelerate as fast as smaller animals can.  That said, the study out of Manchester notes that people should be cautious about the researcher's findings.  "These results improve on those obtained by previous biomechanical work by excluding some of the previously plausible values and thereby reducing the range of uncertainty but many of the previous caveats still apply," the study said.  WATCH: The work behind the T-Rex chase in 'Jurassic Park' is mind-boggling

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New research reveals some of the best diets for health brain ageing

New research reveals some of the best diets for health brain ageingFour studies presented at the Alzheimer’s Association International Conference 2017 suggest that sticking to certain diets can help to reduce the risk of dementia. Previous studies have already indicated that certain diets and foods can have a beneficial effect on cognitive function, helping to support healthy brain aging and to reduce dementia risk.

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Climate Change Cancels Research On Climate Change, Canadian Team Says

Climate Change Cancels Research On Climate Change, Canadian Team SaysCanadian scientists say the environmental conditions they want to study are the same ones that caused ice conditions so dangerous they had to cancel their expedition.

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Aaron Hernandez's Brain Will Be Donated For Research

Aaron Hernandez's Brain Will Be Donated For ResearchAaron Hernandez’s death was ruled as suicide and his brain will be used for chronic traumatic encephalopathy studies.

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All Women Turning 40 Should Get a Mammogram, New Research Says

By Dennis Thompson
HealthDay Reporter

THURSDAY, April 14, 2016 (HealthDay News) — New research suggests that all women turning 40 should get a breast cancer risk assessment, since half of them may have risks that are high enough to warrant annual mammograms right away.

The finding is important because the latest guidelines on mammograms advise that most women can wait until the age of 45 or 50 to start having annual screenings.

But the review of female patients between the ages of 40 and 44 found that 50 percent had an above-average risk for breast cancer, and therefore would be eligible to begin screening mammography at age 40, said lead researcher Dr. Jennifer Plichta. She’s a breast surgery fellow at Massachusetts General Hospital and Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston.

The study also found a significant percentage of women would qualify for other breast screening methods, including breast MRI and genetic testing, Plichta said.

“We believe formal risk assessment is essential for women ages 40 to 44 in order to identify those who require screening mammography to start at the age of 40, and those who would qualify for screening MRIs and genetic testing,” Plichta said.

Plichta was to present her team’s findings Thursday at the American Society of Breast Surgeons annual meeting in Dallas. Findings presented at meetings are generally viewed as preliminary until they’ve been published in a peer-reviewed journal.

The analysis was designed to look at new breast cancer screening guidelines from the American Cancer Society and the American Society of Breast Surgeons.

The cancer society updated its guidelines in 2015, recommending that women could wait until age 45 to start receiving annual mammograms. Previously, the cancer society had recommended yearly screenings starting at age 40.

The American Society of Breast Surgeons (ASBS) subsequently changed its guidelines to mirror the new cancer society recommendation, Plichta said. However, she noted the ASBS added a few extra conditions:

• Women should start mammograms earlier than 45 if they have a calculated lifetime risk greater than 15 percent.

• Women with a 20 percent or greater lifetime risk of breast cancer also should undergo screening MRIs.

• Women with a 5 percent or greater risk of a breast cancer-related genetic mutation should receive genetic testing.

“Critical to the development and interpretation of both of these new guidelines is formal risk assessment,” Plichta said. “Furthermore, risk assessment is needed not only to determine who qualifies for mammography, but also who may require screening MRIs and/or genetic testing.”

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendations state that most women begin mammography at age 50. However, they also say that women should talk to their doctors about risk factors that could lead them to start breast cancer screening earlier.

The new study involved more than 900 women. None had been diagnosed with breast cancer. All were seen as new patients at the Massachusetts General Hospital breast clinic between March 2011 and October 2015, the researchers said.

Fifty percent of these women met either the ACS or the ASBS requirements for early mammography, Plichta said. That includes 39 percent who met the ACS criteria for above-average risk for breast cancer, and an additional 11 percent who met the American Society of Breast Surgeons’ criteria.

The researchers also found that 32 percent of the women met the groups’ eligibility standards for regular screening MRIs, and 25 percent would be eligible for genetic testing, Plichta said.

Breast cancer risk assessments are typically not a part of standard care for this age group, the researchers noted. Since the new guidelines lean heavily on knowing breast cancer risk, doctors need to redouble their efforts to make sure risk assessments are done for women in their early 40s, they concluded.

More information

For more on breast cancer screening, visit the American Cancer Society.

www.health.com/breast-cancer/about-half-of-women-may-benefit-from-mammograms-at-40-analysis “>
Breast Cancer – Health.com

Why Black Women Are More Likely to Die of Breast Cancer, According to the PhD Who Did the Research

Over the last 20 years, there has been a major problem in breast cancer prevention, diagnosis, and care: While overall mortality rates have improved by more than 30%, the bad news is that black women are still more likely to die from the disease than white women—and the disparity is growing in some cities more than others.

My colleagues at the Sinai Urban Health Institute and I have spent the last decade studying this trend, and have continued to sound the alarm with each report. Our latest study, published in Cancer Epidemiology, analyzed breast cancer mortality rates by race for the 50 most populous U.S. cities between 2010 and 2014, and built on our prior city-level analysis from 1990-2009. 

In 1990, black women were 17% more likely to die than white women; and 9 cities displayed statistically significant differences in mortality rates for black women and white women. By 2000, the disparity had risen to 35%; and 19 cities displayed statistically significant differences. Between 2010 and 2014, black women were 43% more likely to die than white women; and 24 cities displayed statistically significant differences. Seventeen more cities showed the same disheartening trend.

The graph below reveals the widening disparity in mortality rates across the country. To see graphs of the mortality rates in various cities, check out the Breast Cancer Research Foundation's interactive map.

RELATED: 22 Ways to Help a Friend With Breast Cancer

When we focused on what occurred between the previous study period (2005-2009) and the most recent study period (2010-2014), we discovered an alarming rise of the disparity in Atlanta and San Antonio, and across the country as a whole. In Boston, the breast cancer death rates for blacks and whites became even; while in Philadelphia and Memphis, the disparity fell, but remained significant.

Racial disparities in breast cancer mortality are already acknowledged at the national and state level. This study makes an important contribution by providing data at the city level, demonstrating geographic variation in the disparity, and changes in the disparity over a 25-year time period. 

Together, these data suggest that differences in access to public health systems, and hence, differences in access to—and quality of—mammography and treatment are likely contributing to the problem. Earlier studies showed low median household incomes and a measure of segregation correlated with the disparity. Some cities, including New York and Memphis, have done better than others at addressing the disparity.

RELATED: 15 Worst Things You Can Say to Someone Battling Breast Cancer

Access to care is not the only factor that may be involved. It has been well documented that the biology of the tumor can play a role in both incidence and outcome of breast cancer. For example, black women in the U.S. have been shown to be diagnosed with breast cancer at earlier ages, and a higher percentage are diagnosed with an aggressive form of the disease called triple-negative breast cancer. However, biology alone cannot explain the rapid growth of the disparity in 10 years, and the geographic variation.

We conducted these studies to spur local city officials and health departments to take notice and take action, to address the needs of their communities. Past reports resulted in city-wide efforts to address the disparity in Chicago, Memphis, Boston, Houston, and Washington, DC.

Notably, Chicago, Memphis, and Boston have shown either a reduction in the disparity or an improvement in mortality rates among black women.

The good news is that fewer women of any race are being diagnosed and dying of breast cancer for a number of reasons—mostly likely due to a drop in the use of hormone therapy and better treatments. However, our findings underscore that where a patient may live should not determine if she lives, no matter her race.

This research was funded by the Avon Foundation for Women and a grant to my co-author Bijou Hunt, an epidemiologist at the Sinai Urban Health Institute.

www.health.com/breast-cancer/breast-cancer-racial-disparity “>
Breast Cancer – Health.com