Tag Archives: Research

No secret chambers behind ancient Egypt's young king Tutankhamen: research

No secret chambers behind ancient Egypt's young king Tutankhamen: researchResearchers at Italy’s Turin Polytechnic University have found no evidence of the existence of any hidden chambers behind the walls in the tomb of ancient Egypt’s boy-king, Tutankhamen, the Antiquities Ministry said on Sunday. Experts have been divided over the existence of a concealed chamber behind the tomb, which some believe could be the final resting place of the lost Queen, Nefertiti. International interest in Nefertiti is high.



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Salisbury Novichok quantity suggests it was created as weapon not for research, says chemical weapons watchdog chief

Salisbury Novichok quantity suggests it was created as weapon not for research, says chemical weapons watchdog chiefUp to 100 grams of liquid nerve agent were used in the attack on former Russian spy Sergei Skripal and his daughter Yulia, the head of the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) has said. Ahmet Uzumcu told the New York Times the amount of Novichok used – around half a cup of liquid – suggests it was created for use as a weapon rather than for research purposes. Mr Skripal, 66, and his 33-year-old daughter Yulia were left fighting for their lives in hospital after being found unconscious on a park bench in Salisbury on March 4. The inquiry into the nerve agent attack in the Wiltshire city has involved 250 detectives who have gone through more than 5,000 hours of CCTV and interviewed more than 500 witnesses. Mr Uzumcu told the paper the Novichok could have been applied as a liquid or aerosol. What is Novichok He said: "For research activities or protection you would need, for instance, five to 10 grams or so, but even in Salisbury it looks like they may have used more than that, without knowing the exact quantity, I am told it may be 50, 100 grams or so, which goes beyond research activities for protection. "It's not affected by weather conditions. That explains, actually, that they were able to identify it after a considerable time lapse." He added the samples collected suggested the nerve agent was of "high purity". Moscow has denied accusations it was responsible for the poisoning of the Skripals but the incident plunged diplomatic relations between Russia and the West into the deep freeze. The Russian ambassador to the UK Alexander Yakovenko previously suggested that Sergei and Yulia Skripal may have been injected by British authorities with nerve agent produced at Porton Down. Timeline Sergei Skripal How events have unfolded However the UK has previously stated its conviction that only Russia had the means and motive to target the former spy. Karen Pierce, the UK's representative to the United Nations, told a meeting last month there was "no plausible alternative explanation than Russian State responsibility for what happened in Salisbury", suggesting Russia had the ability, operation experience and motive to carry out the attack. She said: "Russia has a proven record of conducting state-sponsored assassinations including on the territory of the United Kingdom. "The independent inquiry into the death of Alexander Litvinenko concluded in January 2016 that he was deliberately poisoned with polonium; that the FSB had directed the operation; and that President Putin probably approved it." On the technical means of creating Novichok, she said: "No terrorist group or non-state actor would be able to produce this agent in the purity described by the OPCW testing and this is something Russia has acknowledged. "The Russian State has previously produced Novichoks and would still be capable of doing so today."



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Satellite Images Show a Research Center in Syria Before and After Airstrikes

Satellite Images Show a Research Center in Syria Before and After AirstrikesThree sites were targeted by a launch of more than 100 missiles



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Doctors call for urgent research as flesh-eating Buruli ulcer spreads in Australia

Doctors call for urgent research as flesh-eating Buruli ulcer spreads in AustraliaWarning: graphic content Australia is facing a “rapidly worsening epidemic” of  gruesome flesh-eating ulcers that have baffled experts and prompted calls for urgent medical research to uncover the cause. Scientists said the Buruli ulcer, a bacterial infection which is most commonly seen in tropical parts of Africa, is being reported in increasing numbers in “temperate” rural areas in the state of Victoria.  The number of annual cases has increased more than 400 per cent, with a record 182 cases reported in 216 and 236 in the first 11 months of 2017. “The community is facing a worsening epidemic, defined by cases rapidly increasing in number,  becoming more severe in nature, and occurring in new geographic areas,” said an article on the outbreak in the Medical Journal of Australia. The infection typically starts as a sore on the arm or leg that fails to heal and slowly enlarges, causing severe lesions of the skin and potentially requiring amputations. Sufferers often initially dismiss the initial symptoms as an insect bite. A severe ulcer on the knee of an 11-year-old boy, which took six months to heal Credit: Medical Journal of Australia "It can really become very severe and eats away at the skin and soft tissue … leading to, often, long-term cosmetic deformities, even mobility issues and occasionally it's actually associated with death," Professor Daniel O'Brien, the article’s lead author and an infectious diseases expert, told ABC News. The outbreak has occurred in coastal areas in Victoria, including the Bellarine and Mornington peninsulas.  But it has also reportedly spread to some suburbs in Melbourne, the country’s second-largest city. It is believed to be the only current outbreak in the developed world. Scientists have called for urgent funding to research the causes of the outbreak. The infection is believed to spread via mosquitoes and possums. "We actually don't know for sure — we have some clues about what may be the causes, but nobody really knows why it's located here, why it moves into new areas, and in fact how we catch it," Professor O’Brien said. Known as Mycobacterium ulcerans, the infection can often be treated with antibiotics, though  severe cases can require surgery or amputation. Possum and mosquitoes are believed to help spread the disease Credit:  Auscape Gus Charles, a 12-year-old, developed a lump on his knee after visiting the Mornington Peninsula for a family holiday.  Several doctors misdiagnosed it before a surgeon sliced into the lump and found a “huge pus-filled abscess”, according to a report in Fairfax Media. Gus eventually underwent plastic surgery and spent six months recovering.  "When I first saw it after surgery I fainted because it was pretty bad," he told ABC News. His mother, Sally, told Fairfax Media: “He complained about it a bit, but he’s a pretty tough kid. And then the lump started to get bigger and bigger." She added: “It was horrible. He’s a tough kid, but he was rocked by this.” Protect yourself and your family by learning more about Global Health Security 



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Philippines' president made call on China's sea research – spokesman

Philippines' president made call on China's sea research - spokesmanPhilippine President Rodrigo Duterte personally made a decision to let China conduct scientific research off the Philippines’ Pacific coast, his spokesman said on Monday, despite concern among critics about threats to maritime sovereignty. Presidential spokesman Harry Roque said that as chief architect of foreign policy, Duterte allowed China to work with the University of the Philippines in Benham Rise, an area roughly the size of Greece and believed by some scientists to be rich in biodiversity and tuna.



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Kellyanne Conway Rips Campaigns That Seek Oppo Research From 'Foreign Nationals'

Kellyanne Conway Rips Campaigns That Seek Oppo Research From 'Foreign Nationals'Kellyanne Conway bashed political campaigns on Monday that “dig around with foreign nationals” to uncover dirt on their opponents.



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Conservative site with GOP ties funded Trump research

Conservative site with GOP ties funded Trump researchA conservative website with strong ties to the Republican establishment triggered the investigation into Donald Trump's past that ultimately produced the dossier that alleged a compromised relationship between the president and the Kremlin.



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Report: DNC And Clinton Campaign Funded Research Behind Trump Russia Dossier

Report: DNC And Clinton Campaign Funded Research Behind Trump Russia DossierThe Hillary Clinton campaign and the Democratic National Committee helped to pay for the research behind a secret dossier on Donald Trump and his alleged ties to Russia during the 2016 presidential election, according to a report from The Washington Post published Tuesday evening.



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Primates on Puerto Rico's 'Monkey Island' research station narrowly survived Maria

Primates on Puerto Rico's 'Monkey Island' research station narrowly survived MariaA rhesus macaque monkey eats on Cayo Santiago, known as Monkey Island, off the eastern coast of Puerto Rico, on July 29, 2008. As Hurricane Maria barreled across the Caribbean last week, one of the first places to get caught in the eye of the storm was Cayo Santiago, a small island off Puerto Rico’s southeastern coast that is populated only by monkeys. The 1,000 free-ranging rhesus macaques that make their homes on Cayo Santiago — also known as Monkey Island — inhabit the world’s oldest wild primate research center.



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Climate change not as threatening to planet as previously thought, new research suggests

Climate change not as threatening to planet as previously thought, new research suggestsClimate change poses less of an immediate threat to the planet than previously thought because scientists got their modelling wrong, a new study has found. New research by British scientists reveals the world is being polluted and warming up less quickly than 10-year-old forecasts predicted, giving countries more time to get a grip on their carbon output. An unexpected “revolution” in affordable renewable energy has also contributed to the more positive outlook. Experts now say there is a two-in-three chance of keeping global temperatures within 1.5 degrees above pre-industrial levels, the ultimate goal of the 2015 Paris Agreement. They also condemned the “overreaction” to the US’s withdrawal from the Paris Climate Accord, announced by Donald Trump in June, saying it is unlikely to make a significant difference. We're in the midst of an energy revolution and it's happening faster than we thoughtProfessor Michael Grubb, University College London According to the models used to draw up the agreement, the world ought now to be 1.3 degrees above the mid-19th-Century average, whereas the most recent observations suggest it is actually between 0.9 to 1 degree above. The discrepancy means nations could continue emitting carbon dioxide at the current rate for another 20 years before the target was breached, instead of the three to five predicted by the previous model. “When you are talking about a budget of 1.5 degrees, then a 0.3 degree difference is a big deal”, said Professor Myles Allen, of Oxford University and one of the authors of the new study. Published in the journal Nature Geoscience, it suggests that if polluting peaks and then declines to below current levels before 2030 and then continue to drop more sharply, there is a 66 per cent chance of global average temperatures staying below 1.5 degrees. The goal was yesterday described as “very ambitious” but “physically possible”. Another reason the climate outlook is less bleak than previously thought is stabilising emissions, particularly in China. A revolution in renewable energy has improved the picture Credit: PA Renewable energy has also enjoyed more use than was predicted. China has now acquired more than 100 gigawatts of solar cells, 25 per cent of which in the last six months, and in the UK, offshore wind has turned out to cost far less than expected. Professor Michael Grubb, from University College London, had previously described the goals agreed at Paris in 2015 as “incompatible with democracy”. But yesterday he said: "We're in the midst of an energy revolution and it's happening faster than we thought, which makes it much more credible for governments to tighten the offer they put on the table at Paris." He added that President Trump’s withdrawal from the agreement would not be significant because “The White House’s position doesn’t have much impact on US emissions". “The smaller constituencies – cities, businesses, states – are just saying they’re getting on with it, partly for carbon reduction, but partly because there’s this energy revolution and they don’t want to be left behind.” At a glance | Paris climate accord The new research was published as the Met Office announced that a “slowdown” in the rate of global temperature rises reported over roughly the first decade of this century was now over. The organisation said the slowdown in rising air temperatures between 1999 and 2014 happened as a result of a natural cycle in the Pacific, which led to the ocean circulation speeding up, causing it to pull heat down in the deeper ocean away from the atmosphere. However, that cycle has now ended. Claire Perry, the climate change and industry minister, claimed Britain had already demonstrated that tackling climate change and running a strong economy could go “hand in hand”. “How is the time to build on our strengths and cement our position as a global hub for investment in clean growth,” she said.



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