Tag Archives: pill

Pill taken before, after sex may prevent HIV

An HIV prevention pill, called Truvada, taken by gay men before and after sex reduced the risk of virus transmission by 86 percent, according to the results of a clinical trialAn HIV prevention pill taken by gay men before and after sex reduced the risk of virus transmission by 86 percent, according to the results of a clinical trial released Tuesday. Truvada contains HIV treatment drugs tenofovir and emtricitabine, and is made by Gilead Sciences in California. While the latest evidence on the technique known as pre-exposure prophylaxis, or PrEP, is not enough to change guidelines, it was welcomed as a novel approach to HIV prevention. The study "provides the first evidence that an event-driven regimen is effective among high-risk MSM (men who have sex with men) with frequent sex," said Jonathan Mermin, director of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for HIV/AIDS.



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Scientist considered father of birth control pill dies

SAN FRANCISCO (AP) — Carl Djerassi, the chemist widely considered the father of the birth control pill, has died.
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Gay-rights group backs use of HIV-prevention pill

NEW YORK (AP) — The largest U.S. gay-rights organization Saturday endorsed efforts to promote the use of a once-a-day pill to prevent HIV infection and called on insurers to provide more generous coverage of the drug.
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The Pill linked to breast cancer risk for younger women

An illustration picture shows a woman holding a pill at her home in NiceBy Kathryn Doyle NEW YORK (Reuters Health) – A new statistical analysis finds that women under age 50 who were diagnosed with breast cancer were also more likely to have recently been on some versions of the Pill. The increased cancer risk still translates to less than a one percent chance of developing breast cancer for most younger women, researchers emphasize, so the results should not outweigh the many benefits of taking oral contraceptives. These results are not enough to change clinical practice or to discourage any women from taking birth control pills, said lead study author Elizabeth F. Beaber, of the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle, Washington. Some past research suggests that the hormones in birth control pills could “feed” hormone-sensitive tumors and thereby raise younger women’s risk of a breast cancer diagnosis, or of developing more aggressive cancers (see Reuters Health article of February 26, 2013 here: reut.rs/1s8tM44).



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U.S. health officials urge use of HIV pill for at-risk individuals

U.S. health officials on Wednesday issued new recommendations urging healthcare workers to consider offering an HIV prevention pill to healthy individuals who are at substantial risk for HIV infection. The guidelines, issued by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the U.S. Public Health Service, involve the use of pre-exposure prophylaxis or PrEP, a strategy in which at-risk individuals take a daily dose of an antiretroviral drug to reduce their risk of HIV infection. The strategy builds on a landmark 2010 study that found Gilead Sciences Inc’s Truvada – a pill already widely used to treat the human immunodeficiency virus – was more than 90 percent effective at preventing HIV infections among test subjects who took the drug as prescribed.
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U.S. health officials urge use of HIV pill for at-risk individuals

U.S. health officials on Wednesday issued new recommendations urging healthcare workers to consider offering an HIV prevention pill to healthy individuals who are at substantial risk for HIV infection. The guidelines, issued by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the U.S. Public Health Service, involve the use of pre-exposure prophylaxis or PrEP, a strategy in which at-risk individuals take a daily dose of an antiretroviral drug to reduce their risk of HIV infection. The strategy builds on a landmark 2010 study that found Gilead Sciences Inc’s Truvada – a pill already widely used to treat the human immunodeficiency virus – was more than 90 percent effective at preventing HIV infections among test subjects who took the drug as prescribed.
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Taking HIV prevention pill may not encourage risky sex: U.S. study

By Julie Steenhuysen CHICAGO (Reuters) – Taking a pill as a preventive measure against HIV infection may not encourage people at high risk for the disease to engage in risky sexual behavior, according to a new U.S. study meant to address fears about its use. The research, published in the Public Library of Science journal PLOS ONE, builds on the 2010 landmark study that found Gilead Sciences Inc’s Truvada – a pill already used widely to treat the human immunodeficiency virus – was more than 90 percent effective at preventing HIV infections among test subjects who took the drug as prescribed. “There has been a concern that really anything we do to prevent HIV in high-risk individuals could lead people to feel more secure and have riskier sex,” said Dr. Robert Grant of the Gladstone Institute of Virology and Immunology in San Francisco, one of the study’s authors. Grant’s lab went back to its landmark iPrEx trial, a three-year study involving nearly 2,500 HIV‐negative gay men and male-to-female transgendered women in six countries.
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OTC morning-after pill sales coming _ but not yet

FILE - This undated file photo provided by Barr Pharmaceuticals Inc., shows a package of Plan B One-Step, an emergency contraceptive. The federal government on Monday, June 10, 2013 told a judge it will reverse course and take steps to comply with his order to allow girls of any age to buy emergency contraception without prescriptions. (AP Photo/Barr Pharmaceuticals Inc., File)WASHINGTON (AP) — Don't look for the morning-after pill to move next to the condoms on drugstore shelves right away. But after a fight that's last more than a decade, it appears it really will happen. Backed into a corner by a series of court rulings, the Obama administration has agreed to let the Plan B One-Step brand of emergency contraception sell over the counter to anyone of any age.



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The Pill tied to lower ovarian cancer risk

An illustration picture shows a woman holding a pill at her home in NiceBy Genevra Pittman NEW YORK (Reuters Health) – Women who use birth control pills are less likely to develop ovarian cancer later in life, a new analysis of past studies suggests. Researchers pooled data from 24 studies and found Pill users had a 27 percent lower risk of being diagnosed with ovarian cancer. And longer use seemed to be tied to more protection. "It reinforces that there is a positive relationship between the use of oral contraceptives and ovarian cancer prevention in the general public," said Dr. …



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Most women back over-the-counter birth control pill

An illustration picture shows a woman holding a pill at her home in NiceBy Genevra Pittman NEW YORK (Reuters Health) – Close to two-thirds of women favor making contraceptive pills available over the counter, according to a new nationally-representative survey. In addition, about 30 percent of women using either no birth control or a less effective method – such as condoms – said they would likely take the Pill if it was sold without a prescription, researchers found. "Of course it's a hypothetical question, and it remains to be seen how this would play out in reality," said Dr. …



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