Tag Archives: evidence

12,000 Years Ago, a Boy Had His Skull Squashed into a Cone Shape. It's the Oldest Evidence of Such Head-Shaping.

12,000 Years Ago, a Boy Had His Skull Squashed into a Cone Shape. It's the Oldest Evidence of Such Head-Shaping.Ancient people in China practiced human head-shaping about 12,000 years ago — meaning they bound some children's maturing skulls, encouraging the heads to grow into elongated ovals — making them the oldest group on record to purposefully squash their skulls, a new study finds.While excavating a Neolithic site (the last period of the Stone Age) at Houtaomuga, Jilin province, in northeast China, the archaeologists found 11 elongated skulls — belonging to both males and females and ranging from toddlers to adults — that showed signs of deliberate skull reshaping, also known as intentional cranial modification (ICM)."This is the earliest discovery of signs of intentional head modification in Eurasia continent, perhaps in the world," said study co-researcher Qian Wang, an associate professor in the Department of Biomedical Sciences at the Texas A&M University College of Dentistry. "If this practice began in East Asia, it likely spread westward to the Middle East, Russia and Europe through the steppes as well as eastward across the Bering land bridge to the Americas." [In Images: An Ancient Long-headed Woman Reconstructed]The Houtaomuga site is a treasure trove, holding burials and artifacts from 12,000 to 5,000 years ago. During an excavation there between 2011 and 2015, archaeologists found the remains of 25 individuals, 19 of which were preserved enough to be studied for ICM. After putting these skulls in a CT scanner, which produced 3D digital images of each specimen, the researchers confirmed that 11 had indisputable signs of skull shaping, such as flattening and elongation of the frontal bone, or forehead.The oldest ICM skull belonged to an adult male, who lived between 12,027 and 11,747 years ago, according to radiocarbon dating.The M72 skull is between 6,300 and 5,500 years old. Qian Wang Archaeologists have found reshaped human skulls all around the world, from every inhabited continent. But this particular finding, if confirmed, "will [be] the earliest evidence of the intentional head modification, which lasted for 7,000 years at the same site after its first emergence," Wang told Live Science.The 11 ICM individuals died between ages 3 and 40, indicating that skull shaping began at a young age, when human skulls are still malleable, Wang said.It's unclear why this particular culture practiced skull modification, but it's possible that fertility, social status and beauty could be factors, Wang said. The people with ICM buried at Houtaomuga were likely from a privileged class, as these individuals tended to have grave goods and funeral decorations."Apparently, these youth were treated with a decent funeral, which might suggest a high socioeconomic class," Wang said.An excavation at the site during 2010. Lixin WangEven though the Houtaomuga man is the oldest known case of ICM in history, it's a mystery whether other known instances of ICM spread from this group, or whether they rose independently of one another, Wang said."It is still too early to claim intentional cranial modification first emerged in East Asia and spread elsewhere; it may have originated independently in different places," Wang said. More ancient DNA research and skull examinations throughout the world may shed light on this practice's spread, he said.The study was published online June 25 in the American Journal of Physical Anthropology. * 25 Grisly Archaeological Discoveries * The 25 Most Mysterious Archaeological Finds on Earth * Back to the Stone Age: 17 Key Milestones in Paleolithic LifeOriginally published on Live Science.



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Congressman: Block evidence of trysts in corruption case

Congressman: Block evidence of trysts in corruption caseLawyers for California Rep. Duncan Hunter want a federal judge to reject an attempt by prosecutors to introduce evidence that the congressman used campaign funds to finance a string of extramarital relationships, a court filing said Friday. Allegations about the married Republican congressman’s affairs were outlined in a government court filing Monday, connected to charges he and his wife illegally spent more than $ 250,000 in campaign funds on trips, meals and other personal expenses. Margaret Hunter pleaded guilty this month to one corruption count.



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Trump, without offering evidence, accuses Mueller of crimes

Trump, without offering evidence, accuses Mueller of crimesU.S. President Donald Trump, without offering evidence, on Wednesday directly accused former Special Counsel Robert Mueller of committing a crime, saying Mueller had illegally “terminated” FBI communications as part of his Russia investigation. “Mueller terminated them illegally. … Robert Mueller terminated their text messages together.



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Trump administration’s former security chief to give evidence to congressional panel, White House reveals

Trump administration’s former security chief to give evidence to congressional panel, White House revealsA former White House official has agreed to answer questions over allegations that the Trump administration improperly granted security clearances to some of the president’s advisers.Carl Kline, the former White House Personnel Security Director, has offered to appear before the House oversight committee for an on-the-record interview, accompanied by his lawyers.“We understand the scope of the interview will be limited to White House personnel security policies and practices, consistent with our prior offers for Mr. Kline’s voluntary cooperation with the Committee,” Pat Cipollone, the White House counsel, wrote in a letter to Jim Jordan, a Republican member of the committee.He added that Mr Kline was available to appear before the House of Representatives panel on 1 May.The White House’s agreement comes after a whistleblower told the committee that officials had acted questionably while granting security clearances.Tricia Newbold, a manager in the Personnel Security Office, told the oversight committee earlier this month that 25 individuals including two current senior White House officials, and contractors and employees working for Donald Trump were granted clearances after being denied them initially.She said the reasons the applications were rejected included “foreign influence, conflicts of interest, concerning personal conduct, financial problems, drug use, and criminal conduct.”The committee is scrutinising the security clearances obtained by Ivanka Trump and Jared Kushner, according to two Reuters sources.The president’s daughter and son-in-law allegedly obtained high level clearances despite security officials advising against the move.Ms Newbold was suspended from her job in January after making the allegations.Her former boss, Mr Kline, agreed to appear before the oversight committee only after Mr Jordan wrote to the Trump administration and urged the White House to agree to a voluntary interview.The committee has already subpoenaed Mr Kline, compelling him to testify under oath, but on Friday the White House appeared to ignore the subpoena.In his letter, Mr Cipollone said the subpoena was ”unnecessary” in light of the “additional accommodation offer made over three weeks ago” for the voluntary appearance.The White House had earlier advised Mr Kline to defy the subpoena.The oversight committee then responded by threatening to hold the former official in contempt of CongressIt is unclear if Democrats on the oversight committee, including its chair Elijah Cummings, will accept the Trump administration’s new terms. Additional reporting by agencies



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Trump administration’s former security chief to give evidence to congressional panel, White House reveals

Trump administration’s former security chief to give evidence to congressional panel, White House revealsA former White House official has agreed to answer questions over allegations that the Trump administration improperly granted security clearances to some of the president’s advisers.Carl Kline, the former White House Personnel Security Director, has offered to appear before the House oversight committee for an on-the-record interview, accompanied by his lawyers.“We understand the scope of the interview will be limited to White House personnel security policies and practices, consistent with our prior offers for Mr. Kline’s voluntary cooperation with the Committee,” Pat Cipollone, the White House counsel, wrote in a letter to Jim Jordan, a Republican member of the committee.He added that Mr Kline was available to appear before the House of Representatives panel on 1 May.The White House’s agreement comes after a whistleblower told the committee that officials had acted questionably while granting security clearances.Tricia Newbold, a manager in the Personnel Security Office, told the oversight committee earlier this month that 25 individuals including two current senior White House officials, and contractors and employees working for Donald Trump were granted clearances after being denied them initially.She said the reasons the applications were rejected included “foreign influence, conflicts of interest, concerning personal conduct, financial problems, drug use, and criminal conduct.”The committee is scrutinising the security clearances obtained by Ivanka Trump and Jared Kushner, according to two Reuters sources.The president’s daughter and son-in-law allegedly obtained high level clearances despite security officials advising against the move.Ms Newbold was suspended from her job in January after making the allegations.Her former boss, Mr Kline, agreed to appear before the oversight committee only after Mr Jordan wrote to the Trump administration and urged the White House to agree to a voluntary interview.The committee has already subpoenaed Mr Kline, compelling him to testify under oath, but on Friday the White House appeared to ignore the subpoena.In his letter, Mr Cipollone said the subpoena was ”unnecessary” in light of the “additional accommodation offer made over three weeks ago” for the voluntary appearance.The White House had earlier advised Mr Kline to defy the subpoena.The oversight committee then responded by threatening to hold the former official in contempt of CongressIt is unclear if Democrats on the oversight committee, including its chair Elijah Cummings, will accept the Trump administration’s new terms. Additional reporting by agencies



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US attorney general pressed for evidence clearing Trump

US attorney general pressed for evidence clearing TrumpTwo weeks after he cleared President Donald Trump in the Russia meddling investigation, Attorney General Bill Barr faces mounting pressure to show the full evidence behind his decision. Allegations this week that the US Justice chief played down serious evidence of illegal obstruction by Trump in Special Counsel Robert Mueller’s final report are fueling demands that he release the entire, unexpurgated document to Congress. “He’s a biased defender of the administration, and he’s entitled to be a defender of the administration, but he is not entitled to withhold the evidence from Congress,” Nadler said.



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Trump news – live: Mueller report said to 'undoubtedly' contain evidence of conspiracy, as president rages over Jussie Smollett and Mexico on Twitter

Trump news - live: Mueller report said to 'undoubtedly' contain evidence of conspiracy, as president rages over Jussie Smollett and Mexico on TwitterThe Mueller report “undoubtedly” contains evidence of collusion between Donald Trump and Russia, according to Fox Business legal analyst Judge Andrew Napolitano, contradicting the verdict of attorney-general William Barr and risking the president’s ire.



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Mueller report: Investigation found no evidence Trump conspired with Russia, leaves obstruction question open

Mueller report: Investigation found no evidence Trump conspired with Russia, leaves obstruction question openAttorney General William Barr delivered the findings of special counsel Robert Mueller's inquiry of Russia and Trump's campaign to Congress Sunday.



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Mueller report finds no evidence that Trump campaign colluded with Russia: Justice Department

Mueller report finds no evidence that Trump campaign colluded with Russia: Justice DepartmentIn a major political victory for Trump, who quickly hailed the announcement as “complete and total exoneration,” Mueller’s nearly two years of investigation ended with a finding that no one in Trump’s campaign “conspired or coordinated with the Russian government,” according to a summary of Mueller’s findings. The long-awaited report into whether Trump’s campaign colluded with Russia to help the Republican defeat his Democratic opponent, Hillary Clinton, marked a major milestone of his presidency as he prepares for his 2020 re-election battle. Mueller himself did not reach a conclusion on whether Trump broke the law by interfering with the various probes into the 2016 election that have cast a pall over his presidency, but presented his evidence to Barr to make a determination.



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Steven Avery attorney: 'We won!'; court to hear new evidence in 'Making a Murderer' case

Steven Avery attorney: 'We won!'; court to hear new evidence in 'Making a Murderer' caseKathleen Zellner, attorney for "Making A Murderer" subject Steven Avery, tweeted "We won!" after the Wisconsin Court of Appeals decision.



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