Tag Archives: Birth

Birth of a planet captured for first time as gas giant bigger than Jupiter swirls into existence

Birth of a planet captured for first time as gas giant bigger than Jupiter swirls into existenceEven by astronomical standards it is a discovery that is out of this world. Scientists have for the first time witnessed the birth of a planet, a huge gas giant many times the size of Jupiter, swirling into existence 370 light years from Earth.  The theory of how gas planets form from a vortex of hydrogen and helium molecules captivated by their own gravity, is now widely accepted by scientists. But it has never been seen before, until now. Today scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Astronomy (MPIA) in Heidelberg and the SPHERE instrument consortium at the Very Large Telescope of the European Southern Observatory (ESO) in Chile, released a spectacular image of the birth  The planet, currently known as PDS 70b, is shown orbiting within a huge spinning ‘protoplanetary disc’ of gas and dust, which proves it is continuing to accumulate matter, and so is not yet fully formed.  The newborn sits within a 5.4 million year old solar system, orbiting a star called PDS 70 at a distance of 1.8 billion miles.  The planet stands out clearly in the image, visible as a bright point to the right of the blackened centre. The dark region at the centre of the image is due to a coronagraph, a mask which blocks the blinding light of the central star and allows astronomers to detect the faint light from the planet. “For our study, we selected PDS 70, a star that was already suspected of having a young planet circling around it,” says Miriam Keppler, doctoral student at MPIA. “These discs around young stars are the birthplaces of planets, but so far only a handful of observations have detected hints of baby planets in them. Space exploration | Recent exciting discoveries “The problem is that until now, most of these planet candidates could just have been features in the disc." This glimpse of the dust-shrouded birth of a planet was only possible because of ESO's SPHERE instrument, which studies exoplanets and discs around nearby stars using a technique known as high-contrast imaging.  Using the instrument, astronomers were able measure the brightness of the planet at different wavelengths, and find out its composition.  It is located roughly three billion kilometres from the central star, roughly equivalent to the distance between Uranus and the Sun. The planet takes about 120 years to orbit its host star.  Spectral analysis shows PDS 70 b is a giant gas planet, with a mass a few times that of Jupiter and a surface temperature of around 1,000C, making it much hotter than any planet in our own solar system.  Signs of life in our Solar System Thomas Henning, director at the Max Planck Institute for Astronomy and leader of the teams, summarises the scientific adventure: "After more than a decade of enormous efforts to build this high-tech machine, now SPHERE enables us to reap the harvest with the discovery of baby planets.” To date, astronomers have discovered around 3,800 exoplanets outside of the solar system but have never seen one being born. “The results give us a new window onto the complex and poorly-understood early stages of planetary evolution," said Dr André Müller, leader of the second team to investigate the young planet.  “We needed to observe a planet in a young star's disc to really understand the processes behind planet formation." 



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Queen Elizabeth's granddaughter Zara gives birth to baby girl

Queen Elizabeth's granddaughter Zara gives birth to baby girlZara Tindall, the granddaughter of Britain’s Queen Elizabeth, has given birth to her second daughter, Buckingham Palace said on Tuesday, the monarch’s seventh great-grandchild. Zara, who is married to former England rugby union captain Mike Tindall, gave birth to her second child, who weighed in at 9lb 3oz (4.2 kg), on Sunday at Stroud Maternity Unit in western England. The baby’s name will be confirmed in due course, the palace said, adding that the queen, her husband Prince Philip and Zara’s mother Princess Anne, the monarch’s only daughter, were delighted with the news.



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Abortion to avoid birth defects is like Nazi eugenics: pope

Abortion to avoid birth defects is like Nazi eugenics: popePope Francis on Saturday called the practice of having an abortion after pre-natal tests have discovered possible birth defects a version of Nazi attempts to create a pure race by eliminating the weakest. Francis made the comparison in a long, off-the-cuff address to a members of a confederation of Italian family associations. Francis then spoke of pre-natal tests to determine if a fetus has any illnesses or malformations.



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New book details the inside story of Obama's birth certificate and the birth of fake news

New book details the inside story of Obama's birth certificate and the birth of fake newsA new book by a former senior adviser to Barack Obama gives an account of the behind-the-scenes the drama surrounding the release of the president’s birth certificate — and the response to the so-called birther movement championed by Donald Trump.



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Proposal would add 'X' category to NYC birth certificates

Proposal would add 'X' category to NYC birth certificatesNEW YORK (AP) — People born in New York City who do not identify their gender as either male or female would have the option of choosing a third category for their birth certificates under a new proposal.



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The Surprising Reason The Royal Baby’s Birth Is Historic

The Surprising Reason The Royal Baby’s Birth Is HistoricWhen the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge welcomed their third child, a baby boy,



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Woman discovers she has a twin she was separated from at birth

Woman discovers she has a twin she was separated from at birthSharon Morello, who was adopted as a baby, learned that she was separated at birth from her twin sister, who was adopted by a different family.



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Idaho senator shouts at students lobbying for birth control

Idaho senator shouts at students lobbying for birth controlBOISE, Idaho (AP) — A Republican state senator who shouted at University of Idaho students in the Capitol to lobby for a birth control bill on Monday now faces an ethics complaint after a tweet from an account presenting as the lawmaker's directed students to discuss "killing babies" with a Democratic colleague.



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Tennessee woman gives birth to baby girl who was frozen as an embryo for 24 years

Tennessee woman gives birth to baby girl who was frozen as an embryo for 24 yearsA Tennessee woman gave birth last month to a baby girl who had spent more than 24 years as a frozen human embryo — making the infant the longest-frozen embryo to successfully come to birth. Tina Gibson, 26, gave birth to her daughter, Emma Wren, on Nov. 25, according to the National Embryo Donation Center (NEDC). The medical staff at the NEDC thawed the embryo earlier this year in March and transferred it into Gibson’s uterus shortly after.



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25-Year-Old Mom Gives Birth To Baby From Embryo Frozen In 1992

25-Year-Old Mom Gives Birth To Baby From Embryo Frozen In 1992She was born on Nov. 25, but from an embryo that was frozen on Oct. 14, 1992.



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