Category Archives: HIV

Will Allergy Shots Work for Me?

(HealthDay News) — Allergy shots can provide much-needed relief from watery eyes, runny nose and other allergy symptoms.

But the shots aren’t for everyone. The American Academy of Asthma, Allergy and Immunology says they’re not appropriate for food allergies.

Paper Puts Forward Recommendations To Prevent Sudden Unexpected Death In Epilepsy

As compared to the general population, people suffering from epilepsy are more than 20 times more likely to die suddenly from unexplained causes. No specific intervention has been able to clearly demonstrate its benefits in preventing sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP).

Some recommendations from a Seminar to prevent SUDEP have recently been published Online First in The Lancet. It states that reducing the occurrence of tonic-clonic seizures, less frequent or gradual changes to antiepileptic drugs (AEDs), night-time surveillance of high-risk patients, close supervision immediately after a seizure, and counselling patients about the risks and prevention strategies could help protect against SUDEP.

AUGMENTIN SUMMARY

AUGMENTIN ®

(amoxicillin/clavulanate potassium)
Tablets

AUGMENTIN is an oral antibacterial combination consisting of the semisynthetic antibiotic amoxicillin and the (beta)-lactamase inhibitor, clavulanate potassium (the potassium salt of clavulanic acid). Amoxicillin is an analog of ampicillin, derived from the basic penicillin nucleus, 6-aminopenicillanic acid.

AUGMENTIN is indicated in the treatment of infections caused by susceptible strains of the designated organisms in the conditions listed below:

Lower Respiratory Tract Infections -caused by (beta)-lactamase-producing strains of H. influenzae andM. catarrhalis.

Ot

My contraception may have let me down…

Escapelle ® is meant for times when your usual method of contraception has let you down and you’re worried that you might become pregnant. Perhaps you’re on the Pill and you went away for the weekend and forgot to take the pack? Or maybe you’re on the mini-Pill and you missed it by more than 3 hours?

Some of us are just unlucky. Very occasionally a condom can split or slip off during intercourse. Or you might be using a diaphragm and it develops a mysterious little hole (you know you should have replaced it ages ago, but somehow you never got round to it).

The sooner you take Escapelle ® the better – ideally within 24 hours and at most 72 hours after unprotected sex.

Is Escapelle ® suitable for me?

The great majority of women can take Escapelle® emergency contraception (the morning after pill) without any problem. There are few side effects and there is no evidence of any long-term impact on your health of your future fertility. If you are over sixteen, you can buy Escapelle® over the counter at most pharmacies throughout South Africa.

However, a few medications can interact with emergency contraceptive pills, and make them less effective. And there are some medical conditions that may mean Escapelle ® is not suitable for you.

Some people have moral objections to emergency contraception. If you feel uncertain about these issues, you will find more information in this section.

If you decide against the emergency contraceptive pill, you can read about the alternative, the UID (intrauterine device) here.

Is Escapelle suitable for me?

The great majority of women can take Escapelle® emergency contraception (the morning after pill) without any problem. There are few side effects and there is no evidence of any long-term impact on your health of your future fertility. If you are over sixteen, you can buy Escapelle® over the counter at most pharmacies throughout South Africa.

However, a few medications can interact with emergency contraceptive pills, and make them less effective. And there are some medical conditions that may mean Escapelle® is not suitable for you.

Some people have moral objections to emergency contraception. If you feel uncertain about these issues, you will find more information in this section.

If you decide against the emergency contraceptive pill, you can read about the alternative, the UID (intrauterine device) here.

I want to care of my sexual health

Anyone can make a mistake with contraception and no matter how careful you are, things can still go wrong. When you get a scare, you can feel really upset and worried about the prospect of an unplanned pregnancy. While Escapelle® emergency contraception is designed to cover you in situations like this, it is not meant to be used as a regular method of birth control and it does not give you any protection from sexually transmitted infections.

If you are sexually active, it’s really important to take good care of your sexual health, firstly by having safe sex, and secondly, by choosing a long-term method of contraception that suits you.

Pills

Remantadin - tabl. 50 mg x 10; x 20; x 30; x 40; x 50

Sumamed - caps. 250 mg x 6
Sumamed - powd. inf. 500 mg x 5
Sumamed - tabl. film 125 mg x 6
Sumamed - tabl. film 500 mg x 2; x 3

Tavipec - caps. gastro-res. 150 mg x 10; x 20; x 30

Trachisan - tabl. x 20

Validol tabl. subling. 60 mg x 20

Vitamin C - loz. compr. 100 mg x 20
Vitamin C Sopharma – sol. inj. 100 mg/ml – 2 ml; 5 ml x 10

Zinnat - gran. 125 mg/5 ml – 50 ml
Zinnat - gran. 250 mg/5 ml – 50 ml; 100 ml

Zinnat - tabl. film 500 mg x 10

Swimming Aids Asthma Symptoms In Children

Research has shown that swimming aids asthma symptoms in children. The activity has been proven to be an effective non-pharmacological intervention for children and adolescents, according to a study in Respirology published by Wiley-Blackwell.

Researchers divided children between the ages of seven to twelve into two groups. One group underwent a six-week swimming program in addition to their regular asthma treatments. All of the children in the experimental program showed significant improvement in all clinical variables including symptoms, hospitalizations, emergency room visits and school absenteeism.

Pneumocystis pneumonia

Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) or pneumocystosis is a form of pneumonia, caused by the yeast-like fungus Pneumocystis jirovecii. This pathogen is specific to humans. It has not been shown to infect other animals, while other species of Pneumocystis that parasitize other animals (all of which are mammals) have not been shown to infect humans.

Pneumocystis is commonly found in the lungs of healthy people, but being a source of opportunistic infection it can cause a lung infection in people with a weakened immune system. Pneumocystis pneumonia is especially seen in people with cancer, HIV/AIDS and the use of medications that affect the immune system.

AIDS Symptoms

Immune systems

The immune systems of AIDS are primarily the result of conditions that do not normally develop in individuals with healthy immune systems. Most of these conditions are infections caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites that are normally controlled by the elements of the immune system that HIV damages.

Opportunistic infections are common in people with AIDS. HIV affects nearly every organ system.

People with AIDS also have an increased risk of developing various cancers such as Kaposi’s sarcoma, cervical cancer and cancers of the immune system known as lymphomas. Additionally, people with AIDS often have systemic immune systems of infection like fevers, sweats (particularly at night), swollen glands, chills, weakness, and weight loss. The specific opportunistic infections that AIDS patients develop depend in part on the prevalence of these infections in the geographic area in which the patient lives.

Immune Systems of AIDS Patients More Prone to HPV Cancers

As their immune systemweakens, people with AIDS are at increased risk for human papillomavirus (HPV)-related cancers, a new study has found.

It was known that people with AIDS had a greater risk for HPV-associated cancers of the anus, cervix, penis, vagina, vulva and oropharynx. However, the extent to which AIDS-related weakening of the immune systemplayed a role wasn’t clear, the researchers pointed out.

For this study, researchers at the U.S. National Cancer Institute analyzed cancer registry data on almost 500,000 people diagnosed with AIDS between 1980 and 2004. They found that people with AIDS had a statistically significant higher risk for all HPV-related cancers.

Gorillas may be a source of AIDS, researchers find

Gorillas may be a source of AIDS, researchers find

A woman from Cameroon has been found to be infected with an AIDS-like virus that came from gorillas, French researchers reported Sunday.

The woman, who has no symptoms of HIV infection, is well and was likely infected by another person, not an animal, the researchers said.

Their findings suggest this newly discovered gorilla virus is circulating among people, they reported in the journal Nature Medicine.

“We have identified a new human immunodeficiency virus in a Cameroonian woman. It is closely related to gorilla simian immunodeficiency virus and shows no evidence of recombination with other HIV-1 lineages or with chimpanzee SIV,” Jean-Christophe Plantier of the Universite de Rouen in France and colleagues wrote.